Africa’s rapidly growing tech industry is impossible to ignore. In fact, with a growing number of startups, an influx of new technologies, and a pool of top talent, the next decade belongs to Africa’s tech scene. When you consider the increase in venture capital, startups, and tech hubs, it is one of the fastest-growing tech industries in the world.
Africa hosts over 618 active tech hubs, which, the GSMA states are “the backbone of the continent’s tech ecosystem.” That is a 40 percent bump from the 442 hubs that were active in Africa last year. Of all the countries in Africa that support active tech hubs, Nigeria has the strongest ecosystem, with close to 90 hubs (and growing!) that are active. Just recently, for example, Lagos’ leading tech innovation centre, Co-Creation Hub (CcHUB), acquired iHub in a mission to connect entrepreneurs and technologists in order to focus on building smart infrastructure and improving education and Africa’s fintech industry. In an effort to engender financial inclusion, Nigerian-based unicorn Interswitch also sold 20 percent of its stake to Visa at the end of last year — a total of $200 million, which is nothing to blink at.
Africa’s new digital revolution
Tech hubs will be responsible for pushing Africa’s digital revolution forward, which will continue to influence cultural and societal change. These hubs energise the economy by promoting innovation, efficiency, inclusion, as well as generating a larger number of employment opportunities; they are what foster a healthy entrepreneurial ecosystem for continued growth.
Even the smaller chunk of Africa’s tech hubs that offer coworking spaces will have a significant impact on the economy. Collaboration and support beget creativity and innovation, which are necessary to push ideas forward in order to solve the country’s current obstacles. They also provide affordable shared office spaces and give professionals access to fast internet and reliable electricity, which are barriers that other western entrepreneurs don’t often have to take into consideration.
The tech industry is in the hands of Nigeria’s youth
Half of Africa’s population is under the age of thirty, and these younger generations realise that the fate of their country’s development rests on their shoulders. Unlike before, they not only recognise that entrepreneurship is a lucrative career, but they feel empowered to pursue it.
The African workforce is predicted to grow between 15 and 20 million people every year for the next two decades — and these individuals are eager to participate in Africa’s tech industry. Omoju Miller, a Machine Learning Engineer at Github, told Fortune that Africa is set to disrupt San Francisco’s reputation as a leading tech incubator. She says: “We are at the edge of another kind of technology frontier, and this time around, it is not happening in San Francisco, it is taking place in Africa.”
The technological environment is changing, and it’s at the helm of the savvy leaders that will usher in this radical change.
The rise of smart cities
As the population in Africa continues to grow, and startups continue to introduce new technologies into the region, there will be a rise in the development of smart cities. Around 13 percent of Africa’s tech hubs have formed partnerships with mobile operators like Orange, which are having profound effects on fibre optic technology, big data, and broadband width. As various countries in Africa learn how to capitalise on these developments, here is what new smart cities could mean for these areas:
More tech hubs. With an increase in technology parks, these incubation centres will allow countries like Kenya and Nigeria to use big data to create more digital solutions like Esoko, an agricultural profiling and messaging service. Leveraging new technologies will make these countries leaders in the tech world.
Sustainable energy. Entrepreneurs and technologists want to continue to boost Africa’s infrastructure. New grid technologies will minimise the number of electrical outages, which is one of the hurdles current African startups face on a recurring basis. Other advancements will cultivate self-sufficient and sustainable smart cities that can power themselves. This is currently something my team and I are undertaking as we build a planned city, Eko Atlantic, on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean.
Financial technology. Nigeria still relies heavily on cash, so fintech startups have begun to streamline money transfers, payment options, and banking capabilities. Digital payment solutions are not only more convenient for Africa’s growing number of consumers, these technologies can also boost revenues from utilities and parking fees, among other things.
The African tech community can (and will) transform the continent. The solutions that are necessary to usher Africa into a new technological revolution will not come from the government or any other aid — it’s up to our entrepreneurs.